Tajikistan Builds Villages for Climate Migrants Fleeing Fatal Landslides


Peeling onions in her new home, Yodgoroy Makhmaliyeva recalled the terrifying moment four years ago when a landslide buried her family home in mountainous Tajikistan.

Heavy snow and rain, she said, sent a deluge of rocks, water and mud crashing into the house in the Central Asian country, estimated to be among the most vulnerable to effects of climate change.

“We had lived in fear until the day the mountain collapsed and destroyed our house,” the 61-year-old said, wearing a shimmering headscarf.

Yodgoroy and her husband Jamoliddin had feared a torrent of earth would destroy their home, and are now among thousands of Tajiks displaced by a growing number of natural disasters.

Authorities in the former Soviet country of around 10 million believe hundreds of thousands live in regions threatened by mudslides, landslides, avalanches, floods and earthquakes. They have made relocating people to safety a priority — a daunting task for one of the world’s poorest countries.

The Makhmaliyevs were rehoused in a new village in the Khuroson district, some 70 kilometers south of the capital Dushanbe.

Rows of modest homes built for “ecological migrants” lined a road surrounded by fields, with mountain peaks dotting the horizon.

‘Everything covered in dirt’

Jamoliddin recounted that the couple’s old home had already survived several mudslides before it was leveled in early 2020.

“We spent a week digging out everything that was covered in dirt while we lived in a tent,” said the retired music teacher said. “We didn’t know where we were going to live,” his wife added.

Men stand chatting in front of an image of the Tajik President Emomali Rahmon, in the village of Khuroson, near Obikiik, some 70 kilometers south of the Tajikistan capital Dushanbe, on March 26.

One year later the couple were allotted their home in the village designated for people threatened by natural disasters.

Tajikistan says it relocated 45,000 people between 2000 and 2017, and that tens of thousands of others are waiting their turn.

The issue is pressing. Authorities say 557 emergency situations linked to natural disasters in last year alone killed 51 people.

Huge material damage

The couple said the village, where they look after six grandchildren, is comfortable. Their own children are working in Russia like millions of other Tajiks.

Sitting on a bench embracing four small children, Jamoliddin thanked President Emomali Rakhmon, who has ruled the tightly-controlled country since 1992, for the new family home.

Rakhmon has repeatedly underlined the huge financial and material damage his country suffers each year due to natural disasters.

He has even urged the population to stockpile food because of how vulnerable the country is to the negative effects of climate change.

A large portrait of the 71-year-old leader is on show at the entrance to the village.

A village for the displaced

In a field across the road from the Makhmaliyev’s residence, construction was ongoing to house new arrivals.

“It’s houses for future displaced people,” said Murotbek Murodov, a uniformed officer with the emergency situations ministry. He said 67 new residential buildings were being built after a “natural disaster” hit another village.

“Approximately 900 village residents were evacuated,” he said, adding that those displaced were due to be rehoused in Khuroson. “The aim is to put all residents in risk zones to safer places,” he added.

Thousands of danger zones

Murodov said there were more than 1,000 “dangerous zones” in the country that people needed to be removed from.

A United Nations report on climate change published this year said Tajikistan is the “most exposed” of all Central Asian countries.

The World Bank, meanwhile, has said that “natural catastrophes are a serious threat to economic stability” in the country, estimating that they caused more than $1.8 billion in damage between 1992 and 2019.

In the safety of his new home, Jamoliddin plowed a small garden as workers nearby laid foundations for new houses that would soon provide shelter for Tajikistan’s newest climate migrants.

Source: The Japan Times